Social Studies Activities
Students will graph data relevant to the sources
of energy use in the United States, world crude oil reserves, and products
refined from petroleum. Graphs will act as springboard for discussion.
Data will be analyzed and a time
line constructed depicting the chronology of world oil market events
1970 - 1996.
- Draw a circle graph showing the major sources
of energy used in the United States in the early 1990's. (Petroleum 40%,
Coal 22%, Nuclear 7%, Hydroelectric and other sources 8%, Natural Gas 23%)
- Draw a circle graph illustrating world crude
oil reserves, 1990, in billion barrels. (North
America 85.3, Central & South America 70.9, Africa 60.8, Eastern Europe
& Russia 59.6, Far East/ Pacific Island 46.8, Western Europe 17.3)
- Draw a circle graph showing the products refined
from petroleum. (Gasoline 39%; Kerosene & Heating Products 14%; Other
Fuels 38%; Wax, Asphalt, Lubricants, Plastic Products 8%; Other Uses 1%)
Students may also research oil spills that occurred
over the past ten years. Draw a map of the world and show the areas that
have encountered oil spills. Make a graph showing the tons of oil spilled
each year for the last ten years.